Consulate of Mauritania
Montreal, Canada

Presentation of the Country

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Mauritanians in Canada

Geography and Culture

The name "Mauritania" comes from an ancient kingdom which ruled all of Northern Africa.

Official title Islamic Republic of Mauritania (Al Jumhuriyah al Islamiyah al Muritaniyah)
Location Northern Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Senegal and Western Sahara
Capital Nouakchott
Population 3.546.000 millions (forecast 2010)
Climate hot and dry desert; sand-laden sirocco wind blows primarily in March and April
Total area 1 030 700 Km²
Official language Arabic
Working languages Arabic and French
National languages Arabic, Peul, Soninke, Wolof
Religion Muslim Sunit
National holiday Independance Day (November 28)
Religious celebrations Id Al Fitr (end of Ramadan), Id Al Adha (celebration of the sacrifice), Muharram (Islamic new year), Mouloud (birth of the Prophet). Dates vary according to the Muslim calendar.

Institutional and Political Data

Type of State Republic
Constitution Adopted following the referendum of July 20th, 1991
Legal system A combination of Islamic law and French civil law
Suffrage 18 years of age; universal


Chief of State Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz
Chief of government Yahya Ould Hademine
Link toward the various ministries

Affiliation to International Organisations

International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD), The International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), International Monetary Fund (IFM), G-77, Intelsat, Interpol, Non-Aligned countries movement, International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), United Nations Organization (UNO), Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO), International Labour Organisation (ILO), International Maritime Organisation (IMO), World Meteorological Organization (WMO), World Health Organization (WHO), World Trade Organization (WTO), International Telecommunication Union (ITU), Universal Postal Union (UPU).

Affiliation to Regional Organisations

African Development Bank (AfDB), Economic Commission for Africa (ECA), Arab Economic Union council (AEUC), Arab Fund for Economic and Social Development (AFESD), Arab Monetary Fund (FMA), League of Arab States (LAS), Organization of Islamic Conference (OIC), African Unity Organization (OUA), Arab Maghreb Union (AMU).
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